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The Industrial Revolution - The British Library

Oct 14, 2009· New inventions in iron manufacturing, particularly those perfected by the Darby family of Shropshire, allowed for stronger and more durable metals to be produced. The use of steam engines in coalmining also ensured that a cheap and reliable supply of the iron industry's essential raw material was available: coal was now king.

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Select all that apply. 11.Mark the following statement if ...

The correct answers are B) England had plentiful supplies of iron ore, C) English iron makers were able to improve the process of smelting, and D) English iron makers developed ways to shape iron into tools and parts of machines.. The statements that explain why iron industry started in England were England had plentiful supplies of iron ore, English iron makers were able to improve the ...

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England - Economy | Britannica

England - England - Economy: The economy of England was mainly agricultural until the 18th century, but the Industrial Revolution caused it to evolve gradually into a highly urbanized and industrial region during the 18th and 19th centuries. Heavy industries (iron and steel, textiles, and shipbuilding) proliferated in the northeastern counties because of the proximity of coal and iron ore ...

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Birmingham: A Powerful History Forged from Iron - Federal ...

The iron and steel companies gave birth to Birmingham, creating tens of thousands of jobs and an aristocracy of owners and managers. But the power brokers behind the iron and steel firms largely kept Birmingham a one-industry town. Dependence on the city's founding industry left the city vulnerable to economic swings.

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Iron and Steel - OpenLearn - Open University

Coke is made by controlled heating of coal in the same way that charcoal is produced from wood. Coke was the key step in developing a furnace capable of making cast iron on a large scale. This development in 1708 led to the cast iron industry being founded on the banks of the Severn at Coalbrookdale.

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A HISTORY of the SCOTTISH PEOPLE SUMMARY of …

The iron industry was one such alternative. The invention in 1828 by Neilson of the hot blast furnace saw the Scottish iron industry take off in spectacular fashion. By the mid-1840s the struggling iron industry, which in the previous 20 years had accounted for only 5% of British iron production, raised its share to 25%. The growth of the iron ...

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Steel - History | Britannica

Steel - Steel - History: The steel industry has grown from ancient times, when a few men may have operated, periodically, a small furnace producing 10 kilograms, to the modern integrated iron- and steelworks, with annual steel production of about 1 million tons. The largest commercial steelmaking enterprise, Nippon Steel in Japan, was responsible for producing 26 million tons in 1987, and 11 ...

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Ferrous metallurgy - Wikipedia

The Industrial Revolution Begins in England (1760-1850) Why did the Industrial Revolution Start in England? The Big Industrial Innovations: How the Industrial Revolution Began in England? Textile Inventions; The Iron Industry; The Steam Engine; The Factory; Railroads; Capitalism: The Free Market;

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Mark the following statement if it explains why the iron ...

Mark the following statement if it explains why the iron industry started in England There can be more than one answer! A. England had many forests, providing fuel for the iron industry. B. England had plentiful supplies of iron ore. C. English iron makers were …

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Salisbury Iron Forged Early Industry | Connecticut History ...

Aug 31, 2012· While the 1731 discovery of iron ore suggested the potential for an industry, processing the ore into iron required money and iron-making technology. In 1732 entrepreneur Thomas Lamb arrived from Massachusetts and began purchasing property and water rights for power. He eventually controlled more than 5,000 acres.

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THE SHROPSHIRE WROUGHT-IRON INDUSTRY c1600-1900 …

By the end of the century iron was an important industry in most of Britain's coalfields and epitomised the new technological society of the industrial revolution. The industry was dispersed into several regions. It encompassed the smelting and refining of raw material, and the manufacture of a wide range of finished products.

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Industrial Revolution - Students | Britannica Kids ...

New England soon developed an important textile industry. It had swift streams for power and a humid climate, which kept cotton and wool fibers in condition for spinning and weaving. In Pennsylvania iron for machines, tools, and guns was smelted in stone furnaces.

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The Cotton Industry and the Industrial Revolution ...

Mar 31, 2015· The United Kingdom experienced a huge growth in the cotton industry during the Industrial Revolution. The factories that were required to produce cotton became a legacy of the time – Sir Richard Arkwright at Cromford built the world's first true factory to produce cotton. With an ever increasing population and an ever-expanding British Empire, there …

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Iron and Steel Production in Birmingham | Encyclopedia of ...

Woodward Iron Company Four iron-making enterprises, each controlling substantial deposits of iron ore, coal, limestone and dolomite, came to dominate the industry. These companies were unique in their use of advanced blast-furnace plants that smelted iron ore into pig iron. Woodward Iron, Sloss Sheffield Steel and Iron Company, and Thomas Works operated blast-furnace plants that produced pig ...

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Mining in the United Kingdom - Wikipedia

The majority of coal produced in England comes from underground mines; in Scotland, most coal is mined from open-pit mines. UK Coal was the United Kingdom's largest coal mining company, producing approximately 8.7 million tonnes of coal annually from deep mines and surface mines, and possessed estimated reserves in excess of 200 million tonnes ...

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Britain's steel industry: What's going wrong? - BBC News

Mar 30, 2016· It is true that the UK's steel imports from the rest of the EU are much higher than this, they were 4.7 million tonnes in 2014, but crucially China is selling its steel at much lower prices.

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Coal and Iron Industry Inventions - CalRecycle

The puddling furnace separated out impurities and produced high-quality iron. Iron from a puddling furnace was strong, workable, and cost-effective. Cort's method of processing was the most successful for producing coke-smelted iron. With the puddling furnace, the British iron industry …

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Iron Industry of North East England 1840-1878

1856 - SHEFFIELD THREAT (England) The Bessemer Steel making process is developed, a setback for Middlesbrough as local iron ore is unsuitable. Steel is in demand and Sheffield with its existing industry dominates the market for a time. 1857 - VIADUCT AND STATION (Durham) Durham …

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Ironbridge, the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution

For those who have never heard of Ironbridge it is not only the name of a town in Shropshire, but also of a bridge made of iron, the first ever constructed, which was cast in the local foundries and built across the River Severn by a man named Abraham Darby III.. Ironbridge can be found on the banks of the mighty River Severn, where today the houses and businesses cling to the sides of the ...

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Iron in Colonial ia

Through the 1600's, England relied upon its domestic iron industry and imports from Sweden to supply the iron needed to build ships for the British Navy. At the start of the 18th Century, Sweden's neighbors joined forces in the Great Northern War and destroyed Sweden's control over the Baltic, simultaneously ending Sweden's capacity to meet ...

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Why Was Iron so Important During the Industrial Revolution ...

Iron processing facilities were small and only handled small quantities of iron at a time, making iron production limited in output and expensive. Prior to the Industrial Revolution, the process of iron production involved combining and melting iron with other sources of fuel, primarily charcoal.

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Ironbridge, the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution

By this time the beautiful Severn Gorge had been transformed with the hive of industry, iron foundries, kilns and fires making the area a buzzing, smoke-filled port which was dark and dusky, even on a clear day. Today the area has changed – the grime and the dark smoke have long since gone.

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Iron in the Industrial Revolution - ThoughtCo

The iron industry started slowly in Britain, but the Industrial Revolution turned the country into a powerful iron exporter.

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List of Old English Occupations and descriptions

BLOOMER A worker in a iron forge or puddling furness. A bloomer extracts wrought iron from ore which is worked with a hammer or rolled. (See also Shingler) BLOWER Glass blower. A person who operated a blowing machine used to clean and separate fibres in the textile trade. A person who operated the bellows at a blacksmiths.

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World History: England: Sparks of Preparation (Unit 7 ...

Unit 7: The Industrial Revolution 2017-2018 Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free.

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Iron Mining in the British Isles - Northern Mine Research ...

See also our online mapping of UK iron mines Currently the only areas covered are Cleveland & North Yorkshire Moors, for which we would like to thank Simon Chapman for writing Florence Mine, Egremont If you can help in other areas please get in touch

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The Industrial Revolution - The Open Door Web Site

Iron pyrites, or fool's gold, cannot be used to make iron because of its high sulphur content which makes the iron too brittle. Although the early iron industry used "bog ore" to obtain iron, ironstone is the most common iron ore and it is extracted from open cast (surface) sites in England, from the River Humber to the River Severn.

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England - Economy | Britannica

Heavy industries (iron and steel, textiles, and shipbuilding) proliferated in the northeastern counties because of the proximity of coal and iron ore deposits. During the 1930s the Great Depression and foreign competition contributed to a decrease in the production of manufactured goods and an increase in unemployment in the industrial north.

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